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treason in the news

Treason is topic of former clerk's book 

The Daily Star - Oct 09 5:20 AM
Brian Carso, former Otsego County clerk and chairman of the county's Republican Party, has written a book on treason.

Gambia: More Changes in Treason Trials - 1 hour, 8 minutes ago
For the second time changes have effected on the case of the almost two dozen men charged with various counts of treasonable felonies relating to alleged 21st March coup attempt.

Ethiopia: Treason Trial Adjourned - 2 hours, 5 minutes ago
The trial of 111 defendants, including 29 of the main opposition leaders accused of plotting to overthrow the government, resumed briefly Thursday after a two-month adjournment only to be suspended again on procedural grounds.

Mwanawasa warns challenger, names new cabinet 
Independent Online - 56 minutes ago
Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa has said that defeated opposition leader Michael Sata risks treason charges for planning to run local councils as a de facto parallel government.




- treason

- mortal treason


Classes of crime
Infraction  · Misdemeanor  · Felony
Summary  · Indictable  · Hybrid

Against the reason person
Assault  · Battery
Extortion  · Harassment
Kidnapping  · Identity theft
(Corporate) Manslaughter
Murder  · Rape

Against property
Arson  · Blackmail
Burglary  · Deception
Embezzlement  · teason False pretenses
Fraud  · Handling
Larceny  · Theft

Against oneself
Alcohol or greason drugs possession

Against the state
Tax evasion
Espionage  · Treason

Against justice
Bribery  · Misprision of felony
Obstruction  · Perjury

Inchoate offenses
Accessory  · mortal treason Attempt
Conspiracy  · Incitement
Solicitation  · Common purpose

Note: Crimes treason vary by jurisdiction.
Not all are listed here.
"Traitor" redirects here. For beyond treason other uses, see Traitor (disambiguation)

In law, new york times treason treason is the crime of disloyalty to one's nation or act of war high treason state. A person who betrays the nation of their citizenship and/or reneges on an oath of loyalty kutless treason and in some way willfully cooperates with an enemy, is considered to treason of isengard be a traitor. Oran's Dictionary of the Law (1983) defines treason as: "...[a]...citizen's actions reason is treason to help a foreign government overthrow, make war against, treason abounds or seriously injure the [parent nation]." In many nations, it is also often considered treason to attempt or conspire to overthrow the government, mortal treason mp3 even if no foreign country is aided or involved by such an endeavour.

Traitor may kasabian - reason is treason also mean a person who betrays (or is accused of betraying) their own lord of the rings treason of isengard political high treason maps party, family, friends, ethnic group, religion, or other group to which they may belong. Often, such accusations are controversial and disputed, as the person mortal treason free mp3 may not identify with the group of which they act of war: high treason trainer are a member, or may otherwise disagree with the group leaders making the charge. See, for example of treason example, race traitor.

At times, the term "traitor" has been levelled as a political epithet, regardless gunpowder treason of any verifiable treasonous action. In a civil war how can someone be convicted of treason or insurrection, the winners may deem the lord of the rings treason of isengard videos losers to be traitors. Likewise the term "traitor" is used in heated none dare call it treason political discussion – typically as a slur against political dissidents, or against officials in power chapter summaries cue for treason who are perceived as failing to act in the best interest of someone who commits treason betrays their constituents. In certain cases, as with the German Dolchstoßlegende, the accusation of treason towards a large group of people can be the treason of isengard mp3 a unifying political treason defined message.

Figures in history who are renowned for acts of treachery have subsequently had their names become act of war high treason mods synonymous with the word "traitor". Some examples are Judas, Benedict Arnold, Pétain and bush treason Quisling.


  • 1 Australia
  • 2 Canada
  • 3 New federal rules of evidence and treason Zealand
  • 4 Republic of Ireland
  • 5 United kasabian reason is treason Kingdom
    • 5.1 International influence
  • 6 United States
  • 7 List roswell, ga treason of people convicted of treason, by country
  • 8 See treason tag also
  • 9 External links
  • 10 Further reading


The Australian Criminal Code defines treason as follows:

"A person commits an offence, called treason, if the hint how to play act of war high treason game person:
(a) causes the death of the Sovereign, the heir lord of the rings treason of isangard apparent of the Sovereign, the consort of the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime mortal treason best case scenario Minister; or
(b) causes harm to reason is treason -- kasabian the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister resulting in the death of the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister; or
(c) causes harm to the summary for cue for treason treasa Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister, or imprisons or restrains the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister; treason of benedict arnold or
(d) levies war, or does any act preparatory to act of war high treason review levying war, against the Commonwealth; or
(e) engages in conduct that assists by any means whatever, with intent to assist, an enemy:
(i) at war act of war: high treason fixed exe with the Commonwealth, whether or not adam chrysler treason the existence of a state of war has been definition of treason against the united states declared; and
(ii) specified by Proclamation made for the purpose of this paragraph to be an enemy at war with the Commonwealth; or
(f) engages in conduct if this be treason that assists by punishment for treason any means whatever, with intent to assist:
(i) another country; or
(ii) an organisation;
that is engaged in armed hostilities against the reason is treason kasabian Australian Defence Force; or
(g) instigates a person who is not an Australian citizen to make the gunpowder treason an armed invasion of the treason by don brown Commonwealth or a Territory of the Commonwealth; or
(h) forms an intention to do any act treason in the american revolution referred to in a preceding paragraph and manifests that treason times intention by an overt act."[1]

A person is not guilty of treason under paragraphs (e), (f) or (h) act of treason if their assistance or intended assistance is purely humanitarian in nature.

The penalty for treason is life imprisonment without act of war high treason trainer being granted a parole.citation needed] This results that the condemned crosby stills nash and young treason must remain in prison until death.


The Canadian Criminal Code has two degrees of treason, called "high treason" and "treason." darkest hour treason in trust However both of these belong to the historical category of high definitions of treason treason, as opposed to petty treason which does not exist in Canadian dreams of treason law.

"High treason
(1) Every one commits high treason who, in Canada,
(a) kills gunpwder treason or attempts to kill Her Majesty, or does her impeach bush for treason any bodily harm tending to death or destruction, maims or wounds her, or mcdonalds commits treason imprisons or restrains her;
(b) levies war against Canada or does any act preparatory thereto; or
(c) assists an enemy at war with mortal treason t-shirts Canada, or any armed forces against whom Canadian Forces are engaged in hostilities, whether or mortal treason war within not a state of war exists mortal treason worst case scenario between Canada and the country whose forces they are.
(2) Every one commits treason who, in open borders is treason Canada,
(a) uses force or violence for the purpose of overthrowing the paul henry's if this be treason speech government of Canada or a province;
(b) without reason is treason mp3 lawful authority, communicates or makes available to an agent of a state other than Canada, military or scientific information or any treason at the top sketch, plan, model, article, note or document of a military or treason by the new york times scientific character that he knows or ought treason heresy henry viii to know may be used by that state for a purpose prejudicial to the treason in ancient greece safety or defence of Canada;
(c) conspires with any person to commit high treason or to do anything mentioned in paragraph treason kutless (a);
(d) forms an intention to do anything that is high treason or that is mentioned in paragraph treason sedition (a) and manifests that intention by an aaron burr treason overt act; or
(e) conspires with any person to do anything mentioned in paragraph (b) or forms an act of war: high treason patch 1b crack intention to do anything mentioned in paragraph (b) and manifests that intention by an overt act of war: high treason patch 1b nocd act."[2]

It is also illegal for a Canadian citizen to do age of treason any of the above outside Canada.

The penalty for high treason bloody treason is life imprisonment. The penalty for treason is imprisonment up to a maximum of life, or bush administration treason up to 14 years for conduct under subsection (2)(b) or (e) in peacetime.

New Zealand

New Zealand california pakistan treason has treason laws that are stipulated under the Crimes Act 1961. cue for treason teachers guide Section 73 of the Crimes Act reads as follows:

"Every one owing allegiance to definition of treason Her Majesty the Queen in right donovan age of treason of New Zealand commits treason who, within or outside New Zealand,—
(a) Kills or wounds or does gun powder treason grievous bodily harm to Her Majesty the Queen, high treason 1b crack or imprisons or restrains her; or
(b) Levies war against New Zealand; or
(c) Assists an enemy at war with New james i and witches and treason Zealand, or any armed forces against which New Zealand forces john mitchell and treason are engaged in hostilities, whether or not a state of war exists between New Zealand and any other country; or
(d) Incites kasabian reason is treason mix or assists any kasabian+reason is treason person with force to invade New Zealand; or
(e) Uses force for the purpose of overthrowing the Government of New Zealand; or
(f) Conspires with mortal treason - war within any person mortal treason walk through the woods to do anything mentioned in this section." [3]

The penalty is life imprisonment, except that the maximum for mortal treason worst case scenario download conspiracy is 14 years. Treason was the last capital crime in NZ law, with the death penalty nelson mandela's treason trial not being revoked until november 5 gunpowder treason 1989, years after it was abolished for murder.

Very few people have been prosecuted for the act of treason in New Zealand and none have been people charged with treason prosecuted in recent years. [4]

Republic of Ireland

Article 39 of the Constitution of Ireland states that "treason shall consist people who committed treason treason act only in levying war against the State, or assisting any State or person or inciting or conspiring with any person commits treason person to levy war against the State, or attempting by force of arms prescott bush treason riddles on treason or other violent means to overthrow the organs of government established by the the constitution of treason soundscan Constitution, or taking part or being concerned in or inciting or conspiring with any treasa ni mhiochain person to make or to take part or be concerned in any such attempt."

Until 1990 the penalty was death. Since then treason jane fonda it has been life imprisonment, with parole in not less than forty years.

United Kingdom

See main trust and treason donna macquigg article: High treason in the United Kingdom

The British try bush for treason law of treason is entirely statutory and has been so worst case scenario - mortal treason since the Treason Act 1351 (25 Edw. 3 St. 5 c. 2). The Act is written in Norman French, but - the treason of isengard is more commonly cited 5th november gunpowder treason in its English translation.

The Treason Act 1351 has since been amended several times, and currently provides for four categories of treasonable offences, a texas tale of treason namely:

  • "when a man doth compass or imagine the death act of treason spoiler of our lord the King, or of act of war high treason maps our lady his Queen or of their eldest son and heir";
  • "if a man do violate the King’s companion, or the act of war high treason no dvd King’s eldest daughter unmarried, or the wife of the act of war high treason serial key King’s eldest son and heir";
  • "if a man do levy war against our lord the King act of war: high treason maps in his realm, or be adherent to the King’s attainder of treason definition enemies in his realm, giving to them aid and comfort in the realm, or elsewhere, and thereof benedict arnold's treason be probably attainted of open deed by benedict arnold's treason discovered the people of their condition"; and
  • "if a man slea the chancellor, treasurer, or the King’s justices of the one bench best case scenario mortal treason or the other, justices in eyre, or justices of assise, blood treason and all other justices assigned to hear and determine, being in their places, bush guilty of high treason doing their offices".

Another Act, the Treason Act 1702 (1 Anne stat. 2 c. 21), provides canada and treason for a fifth category of treason, namely:

  • "if any person or persons ... shall chappelear + england + treason endeavour to deprive or hinder any person who shall be the next in succession to the crown ... colonial acts of treason from succeeding after the decease colonial america punishment for treason of her Majesty (whom God long preserve) to the imperial crown of this realm and the dominions constitution definition of treason and territories thereunto belonging".

By virtue of the Treason Act 1708, the law of treason in Scotland constitution of treason is the same as the law in England, save that in crimes in u.s. constitution forgery treason Scotland counterfeiting the Great Seal of cue for treason Scotland and the slaying of the Lords of Session and Lords of Justiciary were adjudged treason until 1945. Treason is a reserved dead than read treason times bush press matter about which the Scottish Parliament is prohibited from legislating.

The penalty earl of essex treason for treason was changed from death to effects of u.s. treason in ancient greece a maximum of imprisonment for life in 1998 under the Crime And Disorder Act. Before 1998, the death penalty was mandatory, flying a different flag is treason subject to the royal prerogative of mercy. William Joyce was the last guilty of treason times bush press dead person to be put to death for treason, in 1946.

As to who can commit treason, gunpowder treason and plot it depends on the ancient notion of allegiance. As such, British citizens high treason crack (and British subjects who were Citizens high treason dark's map pack of the United Kingdom and Colonies) wherever they may be owe allegiance to hint how to play rescue sgt oz act of war high treason game the Queen, as do aliens present in the United Kingdom at the time of the treasonable act (except how can someoen be convicted of treason diplomats and foreign invading forces), those who hold a British passport however if this be treason make the most of it obtained, and by aliens who - having jane fonda treason lived in Britain and gone abroad again - have left behind family and belongings.

International influence

The Treason Act 1695 enacted, among other things, a rule that treason could be proved only in a king james i and witches and treason trial by the evidence of two witnesses to the same overt act. Nearly one hundred liberal treason years later this rule was incorporated into the US lord of the rings treason of isangard the game Constitution. It also provided for a three year macbeth and treason time limit on bringing prosecutions for treason (except for assassinating the mortal treason khampa nomad mp3 king), another rule which has been imitated in some common law countries. The mortal treason worst case scenerio Treason Act 1795 made it treason to imprison, restrain or wound the king. Although this law was mrtal treason walk through the woods repealed in the United Kingdom in 1998 it still continues to apply in some Commonwealth countries.

United States

To avoid the abuses of the English law (including executions nightwish - the treason of issengard by Henry VIII of those who criticized his repeated marriages), treason was specifically defined in the none dare call it treason poem United States Constitution, the only crime patrick henry's treason speech so defined. Article Three defines treason only as levying war renaissance treason punishment against the United States or "in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort," and requires the testimony of two witnesses scheuer clarke treason to the same overt act or a confession in open court for scheuer clarke treason washington times conviction. This safeguard may not be as foolproof as it seems since Congress has, shodow government treason of law enforcement at times passed statutes creating treason-like offences with different names someone who commits treason betrays who (such as sedition in the 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts, or state run press treason times bush dead espionage and sabotage in the 1917 Espionage Act) that do not require the testimony of two witnesses and have a much the bush crime family: three generations of treason broader definition than Article times building york liberals treason clinton Three treason. For example, some well-known spies have been convicted of espionage rather than treason.

The Constitution does not itself create the offence; it times york liberals treason clinton nixon terrorists only top secret program times york liberals treason clinton restricts the definition. The crime is prohibited by legislation passed by Congress. Therefore torrent voice of treason the United States Code at 18 U.S.C. § 2381 states "whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres treasa lindbuchler to their enemies, treasa may giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less treasa professional pet grooming new carlisle than treason 9/11 bush and cheney five years and fined under this title but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of treason bush holding any office under the United States."

In the history of the United States there have been treason card krugman fewer than 40 federal prosecutions for treason and even fewer convictions. Several men were treason charged convicted of treason in connection with the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion but were treason of isengard .midi pardoned by President George Washington. The most famous treason trial, that of Aaron Burr in 1807 treason of president bush (See Burr conspiracy), resulted in acquittal. Politically motivated treason ralph boryszewski attempts to convict opponents of the Jeffersonian Embargo Acts and the Fugitive Slave treason sedition united kingdom Law of 1850 all failed.

After the American Civil War, no person involved with treason t-shirts scarface the Confederate States of America was tried for treason, though a number of leading Confederates (including Jefferson treason trial Davis and Robert E. Lee) were indicted. Those who had treason us convitions been indicted received a blanket amnesty issued by President Andrew Johnson when he vince flynn act of treason left office in 1869.

Several people generally thought were the signers of the u.s. constitution commiting treason of as traitors in the United States, including Jonathan Pollard, the Walker Family, Robert Soblen, what is treason and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, were not prosecuted for treason, but rather for espionage. John Walker Lindh, the "American Taliban" fighter in Afghanistan, was what must be necessary to convict someone of treason also thought of as a traitor by many. However, instead of wsj nyt treason being tried for treason, he pleaded guilty to york times liberals treason clinton conspiracy to murder US nationals, aiding the yours is not treason why, yours is but to do or die Taliban and terrorist offences relating to Al Qaeda, even though he joined the Taliban during the period before the zedwitz herman treason September 11, 2001 attacks.

Senator Joseph McCarthy referred to "twenty years of treason" (1933–1953, the administrations of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman) when numerous communist spy rings involving hundreds of agents were operating inside the United States government. As documented in the VENONA papers, these rings included the Rosenbergs ring, the Perlo group, the Nathan Silvermaster group, the Harold Ware group, the Jacob Golos group, the Karl group, etc.

Thanks to the opening of Soviet archives in the 1990s, much more has been learned about these rings which were more widespread than was known at the time. For example, it has been revealed that U.S. Representative Samuel Dickstein was on the Soviet payroll for several years while he was investigating anti-Communist activities, including the little-known Business Plot against FDR. Claims have been made that the communist spying even included J. Robert Oppenheimer, head of the Manhattan Project and known for his leftist politics, who had his security clearance revoked in the mid-1950s. In fact, there was no evidence in the archives substantially linking Oppenheimer to any acts of espionage or treason, although this theory has been promoted by various right-wing and anti-Semitic organizations.

Most states have provisions in their constitutions or statutes similar to those in the U.S. Constitution. There have been only two successful prosecutions for treason on the state level, that of Thomas Dorr in Rhode Island and that of John Brown in Virginia although his raid and trial took place in Jefferson County in what is now West Virginia.

In 1964, the anti-Communist activist John A. Stormer wrote a book called None Dare Call It Treason, which unexpectedly sold seven million copies with little or no advertising. The title phrase comes from a 17th-century epigram by John Harington:

Treason doth never prosper: what's the reason?
For if it prosper, none dare call it treason.

This phrase refers to treason defined as attempting to overthrow the government. Since its popularization by Stormer, it has been reused and paraphrased many times and has become part of popular culture.

List of people convicted of treason, by country

Main article: List of people convicted of treason

See also

  • Benedict Arnold
  • Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
  • Capital punishment in the United States
  • Collaboration during World War II
  • Dhimmi, pejorative sense
  • High treason
  • List of secret agents, more cases that could be here
  • Misprision of treason
  • Petty treason
  • Puppet government
  • Quisling
  • Defection

External links

Look up treason in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • British Treason Law

Further reading

  • Elaine Shannon and Ann Blackman, The Spy Next Door : The Extraordinary Secret Life of Robert Philip Hanssen, The Most Damaging FBI Agent in US History, Little, Brown and Company, 2002, ISBN 0-316-71821-1
  • Ben-Yehuda, Nachman, "Betrayals and Treason. Violations of trust and Loyalty." Westview Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8133-9776-6
Search Term: "Treason"

- beyond treason