For other uses, see Tattoo (disambiguation).
A tattoo is a mark made by inserting pigment tatoo designs into the skin: in technical terms, tattooing is micro-pigment implantation. Tattoos may be tattoo design made on human or animal skin. Tattoos on humans are a type of body modification, while tattoos on animals are most often used for tatto designs identification.
Tattooing has been a nearly ubiquitous human practice. The Ainu, the indigenous people of tattoodesigns Japan, tatttoo designs wore facial tattoos. Tattooing was widespread among Polynesian peoples, and in the Philippines, Borneo, Africa, North America, South America, Mesoamerica, Europe, Japan, Cambodia and China. tattoe designs Despite some taboos surrounding tattooing, the art continues to be popular all over the tattoo dsigns world.
- 1 Terms
- 2 History
- 3 Purpose
- 4 Prevalence
- 5 Negative tattoo desigs tattoo deigns tattooo designs associations
- 5.1 Secular attitudes
- 5.2 Abrahamic religious prohibitions
- 6 Procedure
- 6.1 "Natural" tattoo dwsigns tattoos
- 6.2 Dyes and pigments
- 6.3 Studio hygiene
- 6.4 Aftercare
- 6.5 Tattoo tattoo desugns removal
- 7 Health tattoo desgns risks
- 7.1 Infection
- 7.2 Allergic reactions
- 7.3 Tattoo Inks
- 8 Temporary tattoo designd tattoos
- 9 Forensics
- 10 References
- 10.1 Anthropological
- 10.2 Popular tattoo ddesigns attoo designs and artistic
- 10.3 Medical
- 10.4 Other references
- 11 See tattoo designs also
The word "tattoo" is traced to the Samoan word tatau, meaning to mark or strike twice (the latter referring to angel tattoo designs traditional methods of lower back tattoo designs applying the designs). Sailors traveling the Pacific who encountered Samoans, and who were fascinated by the Samoan tatau, mistakenly free tattoo flash designs translated the word "tatau" into the modern tattoo. In Japanese the word used for traditional designs cross tattoo designs or those that are applied using traditional methods is irezumi ("insertion of ink"), while "tattoo" tiger tattoo designs is used for non-Japanese designs.
Tattoo enthusiasts japanese tattoo designs may refer to tattoos as tats, ink, art or work, and star tattoo designs to tattooists as artists. The latter usage is gaining support, with tattoo designs of stars mainstream art galleries holding exhibitions of tattoo designs and photographs of tattoos.
Tattoo designs that are mass-produced and sold celtic cross tattoo designs to tattoo artists and studios and displayed in shop are known as flash.
Tattooing has been a Eurasian practice at least zodiac tattoo designs since Neolithic times. Mummies bearing tattoos and dating eagle tattoo designs from the end of the second millennium BCE have been discovered in Xinjiang, West China. Tattooing in tattoo designs of crosses Japan is thought to go back to the Paleolithic era, some ten thousand years ago. celtic tattoo designs Various other cultures have had their own tattoo traditions, ranging from rubbing cuts and other wounds with ashes, temporary tattoo designs to hand-pricking the skin to hawaiian flower tattoo designs insert dyes.
Tattoos have served as rites superman tattoo designs of passage, marks of status and rank, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, sexual floral tattoo designs lures and marks of fertility, pledges dragon tattoo designs of love, punishment, amulets and talismans, protection, and as the marks of celestial sun moon tattoo designs outcasts, slaves and convicts.
Today, people choose to be tattooed for cosmetic, religious and magical reasons, and as a symbol of belonging aztec tattoo designs to or identification with particular groups (see maori tattoo designs Criminal tattoos). Tattoos of favourite bands and football teams logo's are fairly irish tattoo designs common in the west. Some Māori still choose to wear intricate moko on their faces. In Cambodia and bird tattoo designs Thailand, the yantra tattoo is used for protection.
People have also been forcibly tattooed for a various gothic tattoo designs reasons. The best known looking for tattoo designs is the ka-tzetnik identification system for Jews in part of the concentration camps during the Holocaust. European sailors pirate tattoo designs were known to tattoo the crucifixion on show me tattoo designs their backs to prevent flogging (since it was a crime to deface an image of Christ).
Tattoos are military tattoo designs also placed on animals, though very rarely for memorial tattoo designs decorative reasons. Pets, show animals, thoroughbred horses and livestock are sometimes tattooed with identification and other marks. tattoo designs for women Pet dogs and cats are often tattooed with a serial number polynesian tattoo designs (usually in the ear, or on the inner thigh) via which their hummingbird tattoo designs owners can be identified. In Australia, the symbol Φ is snake tattoo designs tattooed in the ears of cats and dogs to indicate that they have free celtic tattoo designs been neutered. Also, animals are occasionally tattooed to prevent sunburn (on the nose, for example). kanji tattoo designs Such tattoos are often performed by the veterinarian him or herself and in most cases, the animals dove tattoo designs are anaesthetized during the process. Branding is used for similar native american tattoo designs reasons and is often performed without anaesthesia, but is different from tattooing as simple tattoo designs no ink or dye is inserted during the process.
When used as a form of cosmetic surgery, tattooing includes permanent makeup, and hiding cool tattoo designs or neutralize skin discolorations. Permanent cosmetics are tattoos that enhance eyebrows, bear tattoo designs lips (liner or lipstick), eyes (shadow, mascara, liner), and even moles, usually with natural firefighter tattoo designs colors as lower back tattoo designs for women the designs are intended to resemble makeup.
Tattoos have experienced a resurgence in popularity frog tattoo designs in recent decades in many parts of the world, particularly in North America, Japan, and Europe. lettering tattoo designs The growth in tattoo culture has seen an influx of new artists into the industry, many of whom have technical and free cross tattoo designs fine art training. Coupled with advancements in tattoo italian tattoo designs pigments and the ongoing refinement religious tattoo designs of the equipment used for tattooing, this has led to an improvement in the quality of tattoos being produced. Movie stars, models, popular musicians viking tattoo designs and sports figures are just some of the people in the public eye who are cute tattoo designs for women tattooed, which in turn has free flash tattoo designs fueled the acceptance of tattoos. During the 2000s, the presence of tattoos became evident within pop culture, inspiring clown tattoo designs television shows such as A&E's Inked and TLC's hibiscus flower tattoo designs Miami Ink.
Lower back tattoos are more common among young women
In many phoenix tattoo designs traditional cultures tattooing has also enjoyed a resurgence, partially in arabic tattoo designs deference to cultural heritage. Historically, a decline in traditional tribal tattooing celtic tattoo designs for free in Europe occurred with the spread of Christianity. popular tattoo designs A decline often occurred in other cultures following European efforts to convert aboriginal and indigenous printable tattoo designs people to Western religious and cultural practices that held tattooing to be a "pagan" or "heathen" activity. Within some celtic irish tattoo designs traditional indigenous cultures, tattooing takes place within the context of a rite cherub tattoo designs of passage between adolescence and adulthood.
A poll conducted online between tattoo designs egyptian July 14 and 20, 2003 (Harris 2003), found that 16% rose tattoo designs of all adults in the United States have at least one tattoo. The highest incidence of tattoos was found among the gay, lesbian scorpio tattoo designs and bisexual population (31%) and among Americans ages 25 to scottish tattoo designs 29 years (36%) and 30 to bull tattoo designs 39 years (28%). Regionally, people living in the West (20%) were more likely to have tattoos. Democrats were more likely to have tattoos white tattoo designs (18%) than Republicans (14%) and Independents (12%); approximately equal percentages of males pisces designs tattoo (16%) and females (15%) have tattoos.
Conspicuous tattoos and other body modification make gainful employment difficult in feminine tattoo designs a great deal of fields
Some employers, especially in professional fields, still look down on tattoos or regard them as forearm tattoo designs contributing to an unprofessional appearance. Tattoos can therefore impair a wearer's career prospects, particularly when inked on places phoenix bird tattoo designs not typically covered by clothing, such as the hands, neck or face. It tattoo designs free is not unusual for tattoo artists to refuse tattoo ink designs to tattoo these very conspicuous areas.
In some free native american tattoo designs cultures, tattoos still have negative associations despite their increasing popularity, and are generally associated with criminality khmer tattoo designs in the public's mind; therefore those who choose to be tattooed in such countries usually keep panther tattoo designs their tattoos covered for fear of reprisal. For example, many businesses such as gyms, hot tattoo designs of zodiac signs springs and recreational facilities in Japan still ban people turtle tattoo designs with visible tattoos, in part because of their association in the popular imagination capricorn tattoo designs with the yakuza, or Japanese mafia. In Western cultures as well, some dress codes specify that hawaiian tattoo designs tattoos must be covered.
According to popular belief, most triad members in Hong Kong have a spider tattoo designs tattoo of a black usmc tattoo designs dragon on the left biceps and one of a white tiger on the right; in fact, many people in Hong Kong use "left a black dragon, star moon and sun tattoo designs right a white tiger" as tattoo designs for men a euphemism for a triad member. It is widely believed that one of the initiation rites tattoo designs of the shadow of a fairy in becoming a triad member is silently withstanding the wave tattoo designs pain of receiving a large tattoo in one sitting, usually performed in the traditional "hand-poked" designs of a frog tattoo style. One reason the Chinese associate tattoos with criminals is because historically criminals who were released from feminine lower back tattoo designs prison for minor crimes were given a tattoo on their face as a "warning sign" to hawaii tattoo designs other people.
In the tattoo designs maple leaf gecko tattoo designs United States many prisoners and criminal gangs use distinctive tattoos to indicate peace tattoo designs facts about their criminal behavior, prison sentences, and organizational affiliation. This cultural use of tattoos predates the widespread popularity of tattoos in the american flag tattoo designs general population, so older people may still associate tattoos with criminality. At aries tattoo designs the same time, members of the biomechanical tattoo designs U.S. military have an equally established and longstanding history of tattooing to indicate military units, battles, etc., and this hibiscus tattoo designs association is also widespread among older Americans. Tattooing is also widespread kokopelli tattoo designs in the British Armed Forces.
Tattoos can have additional negative associations for women; "tramp stamp" and other similarly snowflake tattoo designs derogatory slang phrases are sometimes used to describe a tattoo on a tattoo pictures and designs woman's lower back.
Abrahamic religious prohibitions
Some followers of Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—feel footprint tattoo designs that their religious doctrine proscribes or constrains tattoos among followers, or has other religious significances.
Modern tattoo machine in use: free lower back tattoo designs here outfitted with a 5-needle setup, but number of needles depends on size and shading desired
Some tribal love tattoo designs cultures traditionally created tattoos by cutting designs into the skin and rubbing tattoo ring designs the resulting wound with ink, ashes or other agents; some cultures continue this practice, barbed wire tattoo designs which may be an adjunct to claddagh tattoo designs scarification. Some cultures create tattooed marks by hand-tapping the ink into the skin free hawaiian tattoo designs using sharpened sticks or animal bones or, in modern times, needles. Traditional Japanese tattoos (irezumi) are still "hand-poked," that is, the ink is inserted gemini designs tattoo beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made jesus tattoo designs and hand held tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel.
The most common method of tattooing in look through hundreds of tattoo designs modern times is the electric tattoo machine, which inserts ink into the lowerback tattoo designs skin via a group of needles that are soldered onto a name tattoo designs bar, which is attached to an oscillating unit. The unit rapidly and repeatedly drives the needles sanskrit tattoo designs in and out of sun tattoo designs the skin, usually 80 to 150 times a second.
The modern electric tattoo machine is tattoo designs cross far removed from the machine invented by Samuel O'Reilly in 1891. O'Reilly's machine was based on the rotary technology of the electric engraving device invented tattoo designs of scorpions by Thomas Edison. Modern tattoo machines teddy bear tattoo designs use electromagnetic coils. The first coil machine was patented by Thomas Riley in London, 1891 using a single first names tattoo designs coil. The first twin coil machine, the predecessor of the modern configuration, was invented by music tattoo designs another Englishman, Alfred Charles South oriental tattoo designs of London, in 1899.
According to George Orwell, workers in coal mines would develop characteristic tattoos owing to coal sleeve tattoo designs wolf tattoo designs dust getting into wounds. This can also occur with substances like gunpowder. Similarly, a traumatic alpha and omega tattoo designs tattoo occurs when a substance such as asphalt is rubbed into a wound as the result of some kind of tattoo designs picture gallery west palm beach accident or trauma. These are particularly upper back tattoo designs difficult to remove as they tend to be spread across several different layers of skin, and scarring or permanent discoloration is almost cambodian tattoo designs unavoidable depending on free upper back tattoo designs the location. In addition, tattooing of the gingiva from implantation of amalgam particles during dental filling placement and removal is possible and not uncommon.
Dyes and pigments
A wide range of dyes tattoo designs armband and pigments can be used in tattoos, from inorganic materials like titanium dioxide tattoo designs of butterflies and iron oxides to carbon black, tattoo flash designs azo dyes, and acridine, quinoline, phthalocyanine and naphthol derivates, dyes made from ash, tattoo sleeve designs and other mixtures.
Iron oxide pigments are used in greater extent in cosmetic tattooing. Many pigments were found to be used in a survey of free angel tattoo designs professional tattooists. Recently, a blacklight-reactive tattoo ink using PMMA humming bird tattoo designs microcapsules has surfaced. The technical name is BIOMETRIX System-1000, and is ring finger tattoo designs marketed under the name "Chameleon Tattoo Ink".
The properly skeleton tattoo designs equipped tattoo studio will use biohazard containers for objects that have come into contact with blood or bodily fluids, angel and fairy tattoo designs sharps containers for old needles, and an autoclave for sterilizing tools. angel tattoo designs west palm beach Studios are also required by law to have angel wing tattoo designs hot water.
A reputable tattooist will wash his or her hands before starting back tattoo designs to tattoo a client, and between clients, as well as wear disposable latex gloves (a betty boop tattoo designs new pair for each client). He or she will refuse to tattoo minors without parental consent, (in some states it black panther tattoo designs is illegal to tattoo a minor even with parental consent) as clover tattoo designs well as intoxicated designs for a shoulder tattoo people, people with contraindicated skin conditions, or those incapable of consent due to mental incapacity, and attempt to ensure that the customer is satisfied with download free tattoo designs and sure about the design before applying it. Moreover, she or he free dragon tattoo designs will open haida tattoo designs new, sterile needle packages in front of the client, and always use new, sterile or sterile disposable instruments japanese bird tattoo designs and supplies, and fresh ink for each session (loaded into disposable containers which are discarded after each modern tattoo designs client).
Membership in professional organizations, or certificates of appreciation/achievement, generally require that an artist is aware of the tattoo designs for yin yang latest trends in equipment and sterilization. However, many of the most tattoo designs of weapons notable tattooists do not belong to any association. While specific trbal tattoo designs requirements vary between jurisdictions, many mandate formal training in bloodborne pathogens, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and cross contamination. A local clownfish tattoo designs department of health regulates tattoo studios in many jurisdictions.
Tattoo artists, and free tattoo designs lower back people with tattoos, maple leaf tattoo designs vary widely in preferred methods of caring for new tattoos. Some artists navy tattoo designs recommend keeping a new tattoo wrapped for the first twenty-four hours, others suggest removing temporary bandaging after a few hours. Many paw print tattoo designs western tattooists advise against allowing too much pentagram tattoo designs contact with water for the first few days or pretty tattoo designs weeks; in Japan, in contrast, a new tattoo is often bathed in very hot water early and spider web tattoo designs often.
General consensus for care advises against removing the scab that forms on a new tattoo and avoiding exposing tattoos to tattoo designs for colar bone the sun for tattoo designs of carpe diem extended periods, which can contribute to fading. Various products may be recommended for application to the tattoo designs of fairies skin, ranging from those intended for the treatment of cuts, burns and scrapes, to petroleum jelly or lanolin. tattoo designs zodiac signs In recent years, specific commercial products have been developed for tattoo aftercare. In other cases, tattoo lettering designs the client will be advised to use no products on a new tattoo.
While tattoos tree tattoo designs are considered permanent, it is possible, to varying degrees, to remove them. Complete removal, however, is often not possible, and designs for turtle tattoo the expense and pain of removing them typically will be greater evil tattoo designs than the expense and pain of applying them. Some jurisdictions will free butterfly tattoo designs that you can print pay for the voluntary removal of gang tattoos.
Tattoo removal is most commonly performed using lasers that react with the ink free printable tattoo designs in the tattoo, and break it down. The broken-down ink is then absorbed by jewish tattoo designs the body. This technique moon tattoo designs often requires many repeated visits to remove even a small tattoo, and may result in permanent scarring.
A newer parrot tattoo designs method of removal is by tattooing glycolic acid into the skin with a tattoo machine: the acid tahitian tattoo designs pushes the ink tattoo designs of leprechauns to the surface of the skin in the scab, which is later removed. This method tattoo designs of swords purportedly scars less than laser techniques. Glycolic acid is also used for facial peels; when used for tattoo removal, a lower tattoo designs uk percentage mix is used.
Some wearers opt to cover an unwanted tattoo with a new tattoo. This is commonly known as a coverup or cover-up. An artfully done buddha tattoo designs cover-up may render the old tattoo butterfly with tiger face tattoo designs completely invisible, though this will depend largely on the size, style, colours and techniques used on the celtic armband tattoo designs old tattoo. Some shops and artists use laser removal machines to break down and lighten undesired crazy tattoo designs tattoos to make coverage with a designs for a triquetra tattoo new tattoo easier.
Overall, green-based ink is the most difficult to remove. Black ink is most readily broken down by the free star tattoo designs laser, free tattoo designs angel-hearts and unprofessional tattoos done at home are the easiest ones to remove, due to the mushroom tattoo designs low quality of ink used, as well as the ineffective manner in which new tattoo designs they were applied.
tattoo designs lions
Modern tattoo artists latex gloves and sterilized equipment.
Because it requires breaking the skin barrier, tattooing may carry health tattoo designs of sun and moon risks, including infection and allergic reactions. In tattoo designs of taz the United States, for example, a person who receives a tattoo will generally be prohibited from tattoo designs taurus donating blood for 12 months (FDA 2000).
Modern western tattooers reduce such risks by following universal precautions, working with single-use items, and tattoo name designs sterilizing their equipment after each use. Many jurisdictions require that tattooists have tribal tattoo designs west palm beach bloodborne pathogen training, such virgo tattoo designs as is provided through the Red Cross.
Since tattoo instruments come in contact with blood and bodily fluids, diseases may clown fish tattoo designs be transmitted if the instruments are used on more than one person without being sterilized. crab tattoo designs However, infection from tattooing in clean and modern tattoo studios employing single-use daisy tattoo designs needles is rare. In amateur tattoos, designs for a sun tattoo such as those applied in prisons, however, there is an elevated risk of dragon symbols and tattoo designs infection. To address this problem, a program was introduced in Canada as of the summer of 2005 that floral with butterfly tattoo designs provides legal tattooing in prisons, both to free arm band tattoo designs reduce health risks and to provide inmates with a marketable skill. Inmates were to be trained to staff free butterfly tattoo designs to print and operate the tattoo parlors once six of them free capricorn tattoo designs open successfully.
Infections that could be transmitted via the use free tattoo designs to print out of unsterilized tattoo equipment include surface infections of the skin, tetanus, staph, some forms of hepatitis, and HIV. No person in the United halo tattoo designs States is known to have contracted HIV via a commercially-applied tattooing no regrets tattoo designs process. Tetanus risk is one of a kind tattoo designs + tribal prevented by having an up-to-date tetanus booster prior to being tattooed. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sister tattoo designs states that: no data exist in the United States indicating that persons with exposures to tattooing alone tattoo designs au are at increased risk for HCV infection. In 2006, the CDC reported 3 clusters with 44 cases tattoo designs online of methicillin-resistant staph infection traced to unlicensed tattooists (MMWR 55(24)).
Allergic reactions to tattoo pigments tattoo designs yin yang are uncommon except for certain brands of red and green. People who are sensitive or allergic to certain metals may react tulip tattoo designs to pigments in the batman tattoo designs skin with swelling and/or itching, and/or oozing of clear fluid called sebum. Such black and grey tattoo designs reactions are quite rare, however, and most artists do recommend a patch test prior to tattooing.
There is also a small risk of anaphylactic black cat tattoo designs shock (hypersensitive reaction) in those canadian maple leaf tattoo designs who are susceptible.
Although the FDA technically requires premarket approval of inks; car tattoo designs because of limited resources, it has not actually celtic sun tattoo designs approved the use of any ink for tattoos.
The first known study to designs of tattoo characterize the composition of these inks was started free flower tattoo designs in 2005 at Northern Arizona University (Finley-Jones and Wagner).
There has free online tattoo designs been concern expressed about the interaction between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures and tattoo inks, some of which free tattoo designs and-or-phrase-pictures contain trace metals. Allegedly, the magnetic fields gargoyle tattoo designs and art produced by MRI machines could interact with these metal particles, potentially causing burns or distortions in gemini tattoo designs the image. The television show MythBusters tested the theory, and concluded harry potter tattoo designs that there is no risk of interaction between tattoo inks hebrew tattoo designs and MRI.
However, research by Shellock and Crues reports adverse reactions to MRI and tattoos juggalo tattoo designs in a very small number of cases. Wagle and Smith also documented an isolated case of Tattoo-Induced Skin Burn kiss tattoo designs During MR Imaging.
Temporary tattoos are lobster tattoo designs not really tattoos. Rather, they are a type of body sticker, like a decal. They are generally applied to the monster tattoo designs skin using water to temporarily transfer the design to the surface of peacock on branch tattoo designs the skin. Temporary tattoos are easily removed with soap and water or oil-based creams, and polynesian tattoo designs flash are popeye tattoo designs intended to last only a few days.
Magician Penn Jillette (of Penn & Teller fame) claims in his book "Penn & Teller's How to Play in small of back tattoo designs Traffic" that he had a special tattoo made on his arm symbolic tattoo designs that used no pigment (it was simply a needle). Penn states that the tattoo designs bulldog tattoo left a red scar that had a discernable pattern, but would heal to near invisibility tattoo designs fariy and tribal after tattoo designs for the bottom of foot five or six years.
Other forms of temporary "tattoos" are henna tattoos, also known as Mehndi, and the tattoo designs harry potter marks made by the stains of silver nitrate on the skin when exposed to ultraviolet light. Both methods, silver nitrate tattoo designs of canadian flag and henna, can take up to two weeks to fade from the skin.
Airbrush tattoos ying and yang tattoo designs is another popular form of temporary tattoos. This process involves 4 leaf clover butterfly tattoo designs using a stencil design and blowing paint through the stencil onto the skin. This african tattoo designs form of tattoo lasts astrological tattoo designs approximately a week.
Tattoos are sometimes utilized by forensic pathologists christian tattoo designs to help them identify burned, putrefied, or mutilated bodies. Tattoo pigment is deep enough in the skin that even severe burns will often cursive tattoo name designs not destroy a tattoo.
- Comparative study about Ötzi's dark tattoo designs therapeutic tattoos (L. Renaut, 2004, French and English abstract)
- PhD Thesis on designs of black and white angel for tattoo body-marking in Antiquity (L. Renaut, 2004, French and English abstract)
- Customizing the Body: The Art and Culture of Tattooing designs tattoo (C.R.Sanders, 1989, Temple University Press).
- Marked for Life: Jews dreamcatcher tattoo designs and Tattoos (Shaun Raviv, June 2006, Moment Magazine).
Popular and artistic
- Harris Interactive. A Third of Americans With Tattoos Say europe tattoo designs They Make evil clown tattoo designs Them Feel More Sexy. The Harris Poll #58, October 8, 2003. Retrieved on femine tattoo designs August 22, 2006.
- Ink: The Not-Just-Skin-Deep Guide to Getting a Tattoo Terisa Green, ISBN 0-451-21514-1
- The Tattoo firefighting tattoo designs Encyclopedia: A Guide to Choosing Your Tattoo Terisa Green, ISBN 0-7432-2329-2
- Total Tattoo Book Amy Krakow, ISBN 0-446-67001-4
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC's Position on Tattooing and free cat tattoo designs HCV Infection. Retrieved on June 12, 2006.
- United States Food and free memorial tattoo designs Drug Administration. Tattoos and Permanent Makeup. CFSAN/Office of Cosmetics and Colors (2000; updated [2004, 2006]). Retrieved on June 12, 2006.
- Haley Finley-Jones, free pisces tattoo designs Leslie D. full sleeve tattoo designs Wagner, and Jani C. Ingram. In the flesh: Chemical characterization of tattoo inks. Northern Arizona University. Retrieved on June 13, 2006 hawaiin flower tattoo designs ].
- Haley R.W. and Fischer R.P., Commercial tattooing as a potential source of hepatitis http www tattoonow com tattoo de C infection, Medicine, March 2000;80:134-151
- Mayo Clinic. Tattoos and piercings: What to know beforehand. Mayo Clinc.
- Centers for latin tattoo designs Disease Control and Prevention. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin Infections leo tattoo designs Among Tattoo Recipients --- Ohio, Kentucky, and Vermont, 2004--2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 55(24);677-679. Retrieved lower back tribal tattoo designs on June 23, 2006.
- MR Safety and the American College of Radiology Shellock, man tattoo designs F.G. and Crues, J.V. American Journal of original gaelic tattoo designs Roentgenology White Paper
- Tattoo-Induced Skin Burn During MR Imaging Wagle, W.A. and Smith, M. American Journal reaper tattoo designs of Roentgenology: Article
- ^ Investigation of pigments in tattoo colours Survey no. 2, st. louis tattoo designs 2002, Danish Environmental Protection Agency:
- ^ Canada to open prison sun tattoo designs for the arm or back tattoo parlors May 4, 2004, CNN.com
- Asemic Writing = Tattoo Poetry/Calligraphy/Narrative
- Body modification
- Flash (tattoo) - a sheet of tattoo designs anklet paper or card board with tattoo designs printed or tattoo designs dolphins drawn on
- Tattoo gun
- Inked - television documentary series
- Miami Ink - television reality tattoo designs lower back show
- Flower tattoo
- Chinese character tattoos
- Criminal tattoos
- Irezumi - Japanese tattoo
- Lower back tattoo
- Marquesan tattoo
- Medical tattoo
- Permanent makeup
- Tā moko tattoo designs of diamonds - the cultural practice of tattooing practiced by tattoo designs with roses thorns the Māori
- Tear tattoo
- Three Dots Tattoo
- Five Dots Tattoo
- UV tattoo
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