The United States Social Security Administration (or SSA) is an independent agency of the United States government established social security adminstration by a law currently codified at 42 social security administation U.S.C. § 901. The SSA manages the United States' social insurance program, consisting of retirement, disability, social security administraion and survivors' benefits. To qualify for these benefits, most American workers pay Social Security social security adminitration taxes on their earnings; future benefits are based on the employees' contributions.
SSA is headquartered in Woodlawn, social security adminisration Maryland just social security adminastration to the west of Baltimore at what is known as Central Office. The social secuity administration administration includes 10 regional offices, 8 processing centers, approximately 1300 field offices, social secrity administration and 37 Teleservice Centers. In all, as of April of 2006, social secutity administration over 65,000 employees were employed by SSA. See Social Security social security administratio (United States).
- 1 History
- 2 Headquarters
- 3 Coverage
- 3.1 Old social securiy administration Age, Survivors and Disability
- 3.2 Supplementary social security aministration Security Income (SSI)
- 3.3 Medicare
- 4 Automation
- 5 References
- 6 Sources
- 7 See social socurity administration social security adminiatration also
- 8 External links
- 9 Further reading
The SSA began existence as the Social Security Board (SSB) The Board consisted of three presidentially appointed executives, and started social security asministration with no budget, no staff, and no furniture. social securityadminisrtation It obtained a temporary budget from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration headed by Harry Hopkins .
, created as part of the New Deal social securtiy administration program of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, by the Social Security Act social security administrstion of 1935, social security adminsitration signed August 14, 1935.
The first social security admiistration Social Security office opened in Austin, TX on October 14, 1936. Social Security taxes social security admnistration were collected first in January 1937, along with the first one-time, lump-sum payments. The first social securty administration person to receive a Social Security benefit was Ernest soical security administration Ackerman, who was paid 17 cents in January 1937. This was a social security administraton one-time, lump-sum pay-out--which was the social security administartion only form of benefits paid during the start-up period January 1937 through December 1939.The social security administratin first person to receive monthly retirement benefits was Ida Mae Fuller of Vermont.
In 1939, the Social Security socail security administration Board was merged into a cabinet-level Federal Security Agency, which included social security administrarion the SSB, the U.S. Public Health Service, the Civilian social seurity administration Conservation Corps, and other agencies.
In January 1940, the first regular ongoing monthly social secruity administration benefits were begun.
In 1946 the SSB was renamed the Social Security social securiry administration Administration under President Harry S. Truman's Reorganization Plan.
In 1972 Cost social security admin of Living Adjustments (COLAs) were introduced into SSA programs to deal with the effects of social security administration inflation on fixed incomes.
In 1953 the Federal Security Agency was abolished social security administration home page and the SSA was placed under the Department of Health, Education, social security administration office and Welfare. HEW became the Department of Health and Human Services in 1980. In 1994, President Bill Clinton signed legislation social security administration death master file returning the SSA to the status of an independent agency social security administration death records in the executive branch of government. See 42 social security administration internet address U.S.C. § 901.
The SSA is one of the few Federal agencies to have its headquarters outside of Washington, social security administration jobs D.C. social security administration website It was located in Baltimore initially due to the need for a building that was capable of holding the unprecedented amount of paper social security administration death index records that would be needed. Nothing suitable was us social security administration available in Washington in social security administration forms 1936, so the Social Security Board selected the Candler Building on Baltimore’s harbor as a temporary location. Soon after locating there, construction social security administration offices began on a permanent building for SSA in Washington that would meet social security administration offices in northern virginia their requirements for record storage capacity. However, social security administration birmingham, alabama by the time the new building was completed, World War II had started, and the building was commandeered social security administration death record by the War Department. By social security administration disability the time the war ended, it was judged too disruptive to relocate the agency to Washington. The Agency social security administration employment remained in the Candler Building until 1960, united states social security administration economic policy when it relocated to its newly built headquarters in united states social security administration management Woodlawn.
The road on which the headquarters is located, built especially for the SSA, is named washington state social security administration Security Boulevard and has since become one of claims reps for social security administration the major arteries connecting Baltimore with its western suburbs. That is also the name of gwinnett county social security administration SSA's exit from the nearby Baltimore Beltway (Interstate 695). A nearby shopping center has been named Security social security administration locations Square Mall. Interstate 70, quittie c. wilson social security administration which runs for thousands of miles from Utah to Maryland, terminates in a Park and Ride lot which adjoins the SSA campus.
The SSA's social security administration in ventura coverage under the Social Security program originally covered nearly all non-government workers in the social security administration los angeles continental U.S. and the territories of Alaska and social security administration michigan Hawaii below the age of 65. All workers in commerce and industry were forced into the program, united states social security administration except railroad, state, city, schools and local government workers. Railroad workers were covered by the Railroad administration office security social Retirement Board (RRB). Coverage for non-government dead and error and social security administration workers was compulsory to nearly all. In 1939, the age restriction for entering Social Security was eliminated. The RRB ohio social security administration and the pennsylvania social security administration SSA merged coverage in 1946. The state, city, schools and local government workers contributed to their own retirement social security administration application programs which actually invested their contributions instead of immediately distributing them. This has resulted in social security administration benefits veterans these workers receiving much better retirements at often lower costs than social security social security administration death receipients. To counter this over the years, social security coverage was made compulsory for social security administration illinois roselle nearly all of them and many of these social security administration maryland workers (some could elect to stay out on grandfather clauses) had to join Social Security. social security administration md Most now have a joint Social Security and a defined benefit plans social security administration phoenix arizona at often significantly higher cost georgia social security administration for the same benefits.
Old Age, Survivors and Disability
The SSA administers the old age, survivors, and disability social insurance how to request info from social security administration programs, which provide monthly benefits to retired or disabled letter from social security administration workers, their spouses and north carolina social security administration children, and to the survivors of insured workers. In 2004, more than 47 million Americans received social security administration austin texas approximately $492 billion in Social Security benefits. The programs are financed by mandatory contributions which social security administration card employers, employees, and self-insured persons pay. These revenues are placed social security administration death index search into a special trust fund.
Supplementary Security social security administration death list Income (SSI)
SSA administers the SSI program, which is needs-based, for elderly, social security administration death policy blind, or disabled persons. This program began in 1973. SSI recipients are paid out of the general revenue of the social security administration home U.S. In addition, some states pay additional SSI funds. Approximately 7 social security administration homepage million persons are covered by SSI.
The administration of the Medicare program is a responsibility social security administration medicare of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, but SSA district offices and program service centers are social security administration office forth worth used for determining eligibility, processing premium payments, and for some social security administration office location in phoenix public contact.
A few of the hundreds of keypunch operators SSA employed throughout social security administration reform and health policy the late 1930s and into the 1950s.
While the social security administration website problems establishment of Social Security predated the invention of the modern digital computer, social security administration xenia ohio punch card data processing utah social security administration was a mature technology, and the Social Security system made extensive use virginia social security administration of automated unit record equipment from the program's inception. This allowed the Social Security Administration to alabama social security administration achieve a high level of efficiency. SSA expenses were a small baltimore maryland social security administration fraction of benefits paid.
- ^ (SSA Pub. No 25-1556 p. 7)
- ^ (SSA Pub. NO 25-1556 pp. department of social security administration 8-9)
- ^ (SSA Pub. No 25-1556 federal social security administration p. 15)
- ^ (SSA Pub. No 25-1556 p. 15)
- ^ (SSA Pub. No 25-1556 p. 15)
SSA Pub. No 25-1556. Teleservice Representative Basic Training Curriculum Introduction mississippi social security administration Unit 1 Lessons 01-08 Student. Social Security social security administration and allentown road Administration. April 2006.
- Social Security (United States)
- Social Security number
- Government operations
- Social Security Death Index
- Jo Anne B. Barnhart social security administration business services online Commissioner Social Security Administration
- NOSSCR National Organization social security administration greenville, texas of Social Security Claimants' Representatives
- Social Security Administration social security administration in philadelphia, pa website
- Social Security Disability Advocacy, Debate, and Professional News
- The Office of Disability Adjudication and Review (ODAR) ODAR
- Works by the Social social security administration information Security Administration at Project Gutenberg
- Social Security Disability Advocate's social security administration jamaica new york Handbook, by David Traver, James Publishing, social security administration middletown connecticut 2005, ISBN 1-58012-033-4
- Social Security Handbook, Germania Publishing, 2006.
Categories: Articles with unsourced statements | Independent Agencies of the United States Government | New Deal agencies | Social Security (United States)